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  You are here Home   Gardening and Wildlife   Primrose Garden Primrose survey

 

Results of Mini best Survey on the Big Green Weekend April 2003

 

   
 

 

   
 

On a cold windy day 8 children explored the mini-beasts of Primrose Garden, this area was woodland and the species found even this early in the season reflect it.

 

The Centipedes are predators; both the Lithobius live under stones or bark and hunt rapidly with their 15 pairs of legs. The Necrophloeophagus lives in the soil and hunt in the debris layer at the top.

 

The Millipedes are vegetarians feeding on dead and living plant matter living under stones, bark of leaf litter, Tachypodoiulus also climbs trees to browse mosses and algae. When alarmed this species curl up like a watch spring.

 

The Woodlice are scavengers among decaying vegetation and prefer damp conditions.

 

  Picture of Scarlet Elf Cup taken by Mike Sykes, Halifax Scientific Society  
 

 

   
 
The ground beetles are a large group with several hundred species living I Britain. They take a large Varity of prey mainly other invertebrates but also carrion, some at plant matter as well. Most are nocturnal but those found are the larger metallic species and are sometimes active by day. They can usually be found under stones and litter by day, emerging to hunt at night.

 

The fungi in the photo appear to be the Velvet shank, Flammulina velutipes; this is a late winter early spring species.

The Scarlet Elf Cup now appears to be spreading throughout the district. This species was first found in 1991 in Calderdale and has since been seen at 4 other sites. A very similar species S. coccinea used to be found in the area, particular around Hebden Bridge, Hardcastle crags but no record of this species in known since 1912. It would appear that this is a northern species and pollution and possibly changing climate are restricting this to the north of the country, while S. austrica appears to be spreading in its wake.

 

Alfred's cake- so called because it looks like a burnt bun is very interesting as it grows an extra ring each year, not normally noticed until it is at least 5 years old. This species was used in the past as a tinderbox for keeping charcoal alight ready for the next fire. It has been found throughout the world and used in the same way for thousands of years. Ozzi the iceman found a few years ago on the Italian Austrian border had one of these in his pouch. The North American Indians also still use this as a convenient way of carrying fire.


PRIMROSE GARDEN HEBBLE END 

HEBDEN BRIDGE  SD988270

 

FUNGI

 

Sarcoscypha austrica                 Scarlet Elf Cup

Daldinia concentrica                   Cramps Balls, King Alfreds cake

Stereum rugosum

Daedaleopis confragosa              Blushing Bracket

Ganoderma applanatum              Artist Fungus

Flammulina velutipes                  Velvet Shank

 

 

Centipeds

Lithobius forficatus

Lithobius variegatus

Necrophloeophagus longicornis

 

Millipedes

Tachypodolulus niger                  Woodsnake Millipede

Polydesmus angustuus              Armoured Millipede

 

Woodlice

Oniscus asellus

 

Springtail

Tomocerus vulgaris

 

Earwig

Forficula auricularis

 

Moth

Agrotis segetum                        Turnip Moth

 

Ants

Myrmica rubra

Lasius niger                               Black Garden Ant

 

 

Ground Beetles

Carabus violaceus                      Violet Ground Beetle

Pterostichus nigrita

 

Rove Beetle

Philonthus marginatus

 
 
 

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