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Gardening and Wildlife
Results of Mini best Survey on the Big Green Weekend April 2003
On a cold windy day 8 children explored the
mini-beasts of Primrose Garden, this area was woodland and the species found
even this early in the season reflect it.
The Centipedes are predators; both the Lithobius live under stones or
bark and hunt rapidly with their 15 pairs of legs. The Necrophloeophagus
lives in the soil and hunt in the debris layer at the top.
The Millipedes are vegetarians feeding on dead and living plant matter
living under stones, bark of leaf litter, Tachypodoiulus also climbs trees
to browse mosses and algae. When alarmed this species curl up like a watch
The Woodlice are scavengers among decaying vegetation and prefer damp
|The ground beetles are a large group with several hundred species living
I Britain. They take a large Varity of prey mainly other invertebrates but
also carrion, some at plant matter as well. Most are nocturnal but those
found are the larger metallic species and are sometimes active by day. They
can usually be found under stones and litter by day, emerging to hunt at
The fungi in the photo appear to be the Velvet shank, Flammulina
velutipes; this is a late winter early spring species.
The Scarlet Elf Cup now appears to be spreading throughout the district.
This species was first found in 1991 in Calderdale and has since been seen
at 4 other sites. A very similar species S. coccinea used to be found in the
area, particular around Hebden Bridge, Hardcastle crags but no record of
this species in known since 1912. It would appear that this is a northern
species and pollution and possibly changing climate are restricting this to
the north of the country, while S. austrica appears to be spreading in its
Alfred's cake- so called because it looks like a burnt bun is very
interesting as it grows an extra ring each year, not normally noticed until
it is at least 5 years old. This species was used in the past as a tinderbox
for keeping charcoal alight ready for the next fire. It has been found
throughout the world and used in the same way for thousands of years. Ozzi
the iceman found a few years ago on the Italian Austrian border had one of
these in his pouch. The North American Indians also still use this as a
convenient way of carrying fire.
PRIMROSE GARDEN HEBBLE END
Scarlet Elf Cup
Cramps Balls, King Alfreds cake
Black Garden Ant
Violet Ground Beetle